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Natural Organic Compost Soil Builder from Black Wonder 5000
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Soil Builder

Seeding Specifications

Part 1 - Seeding

  • 1. PROJECT Utilities, grading, drainage verified
    • A. Utilities: Determine location of and avoid damage to underground utilities. Contact locating services and project manager before beginning work.
    • B. Grades and Drainage: Verify that fine grading is completed, and that no poorly drained areas exist. Coordinate with project manager.
  • 2. MATERIALS
  • 2.1 SOIL AMENDMENTS
    • A. Agricultural limestoneContaining a minimum of 80 percent finely ground calcium carbonate equivalent, free of lumps. Apply as directed by soil test. Full soil test is job 1.
    • B. Black Wonder 5000 Soil Builder. (BlackWonder5000.com) Bagged or bulk fully composted barnyard manures and fully composted organics; fortified with natural soil enzymes, humic/folic acid, beneficial root fungi, vermiculite/permatill expanded slate/sand, kelp seaweed extract, amino acids, powdered lobster and crab shells, natural minerals, gypsum/lime, all natural polymers, and natural beneficial bacteria. Rate: 500 [1.5cf] bags/28 cubic yards per acre. Black Wonder 5000 Soil Activator/Enhancer may be substituted at 5 gallons mixed with 14 cubic yards of your local fully composted barnyard manures and organics. Goal is to bring your soil to at least 4% organics and add amendments in Black Wonder 5000 to enhance and activate the soil.
  • 2.2. FERTILIZER
    • A. Fertilizer: Granular 18/18/18 fertilizer consisting of 18 percent nitrogen. 18 percent phosphorus, and 18 percent potassium, by weight. 50% of nitrogen should be slow release. Apply 500# per acre.
  • 2.3. PAPER HYDRO MULCH: In manufactures unopened, dry packages.
  • 2.4. EROSION-CONTROL BLANKETS: Biodegradable straw, wood excelsior, or other enclosed in a photodegradable plastic mesh, including manufacture’s steel wire staples 6″ long, as specified by engineer.
  • 3. SOIL PREPATION FOR SEEDED AREAS:
    • A. Prepare subgrades for areas to be planted. Minimum grade at 2% with no standing water.
    • B. Apply Black Wonder 5000 Soil Builder, lime, (If needed by soil test) and fertilizer evenly onto fine graded areas. Plow or till into the top 6 inches of soil. Till soil to a homogenous fine texture. Regrade for proper drainage.
    • C. Fine grade to a smooth, even surface with a loose fine texture. Rake, remove ridges, and fill depressions to meet finish grades.  Remove trash, debris, stones larger than 3 inch diameter and other objects that may interfere with planting or mowing.
  • 4. SEEDING PREPARED AREAS accessible by equipment:
    • A. Sow seed with a Spreader. Do not broadcast or drop seed when wind velocity exceeds 10 mph. Evenly distribute seed by sowing equal quantities in 2 directions at right angles to each other. Firm seed into the seedbed with a cultipacker.
    • B. Protect flat or mildly sloped seeded areas against erosion by spreading straw mulch after seeding. Spread uniformly to form a continuous blanket 1 inch loose depth over seeded areas. Spread by hand or blower.
    • C. IMMEDIATELY anchor straw mulch by hydro mulch tacking the straw to prevent blowing or washing using: [10] 50# bags paper hydro mulch and [10] bags [1.5cf] Black Wonder 5000 per acre. Do not damage or stain structures or vehicles near mulched areas. Immediately clean damaged or stained areas.
  • 4.1 SEEDING AREAS NOT ACCESSIBLE BY EQUIPMENT
    • A. Areas that cannot be accessed with tillage equipment may be hydro seeded using the same materials specified above, then strawed and tacked or cover with erosion blankets. Black Wonder 5000 can be mixed in a hydroseeder.
    • B. Protect seeded slopes 3:1 or steeper and swells against erosion by installing and stapling erosion control blankets according to manufactures recommendations AS DIRECTED BY ENGINEERING DRAWINGS.
    • C. Restore prepared areas if eroded or disturbed after fine grading and before planting. Immediately clean damaged or stained areas.
  • 5. LAWN MAINTENANCE
    • A. Begin maintenance of lawns immediately following seeding and continue until lawn is established. Maintenance is owners responsibility unless negotiated. A satisfactory stand of desired permanent grasses is responsibility of landscaper. Re-seed if necessary.
    • B. Maintain and establish lawns by watering, fertilizing, weeding, mowing trimming, and replanting. Regrade and replant bare or eroded areas and re straw bare areas to produce a uniformly smooth lawn. Heavy eroded areas will require matting.
    • C. Lawns need at least 1 inch of water per week.
    • D. Mow lawns when 6″ of new growth is present. Cut with mower set at 4.5″ height. Mow as required to maintain 4.5″ height. Do not delay mowing until grass blades bend over and become matted. Do not mow when grass is wet. Blow or spread any clumped grass.

      Temporary Seeding Specifications

      On rare occasions there may be a need for temporary seeding when grading is not finished, silt ponds to be removed later, buildings or roads to be built on site within 3 months or other reason that turf will be destroyed within 3 months.

      Apply 18-18-18 fertilizer at 300# per acre.

      Plow or disc the fertilizer into the top 4 inches of soil.

      Seed with 50# of German millet after danger of frost is past. (Approximately April 20) until late summer (approximately September 1). Other months sow 150# of rye grain and cultipack the seed into the seed bed. Cover with straw and secure straw by crimping or hydroseed tacking to prohibit straw from blowing away.

      No rock removal required.

      DO NOT COVER temporary seeding with any erosion blanket. It would interfere with permanent seeding. If erosion blanket is needed use permanent seeding specs.

      Above can be hydroseeded or dry seeded; strawed and tacked.

      No Guarantees on temporary seeding; it is short term erosion control.

      Landscape architects, designers, and civil engineers if you would like to adapt all or part of these specs for your use. Call our office 336-249-8300 and we will email you a word file so you can change the specs anyway you like. 

 

Seeding Schedules

April 21 – August 14

  • Tall Fescue 200#/acre – Add 25# hard fescue in shady areas
  • German Millet 3#/acre as summer cover crop

NOTE: Above is out of season for cool season grasses.

Better Summer Option #2

April 21 – August 14

  • Bermuda Grass 20# acre
  • Centipede 4#/acre
  • German Millet as cover crop #3/acre

August 15 – April 20

  • Tall Fescue 150#/acre
  • Hard Fescue 50#/acre
  • Heat Tolerant Bluegrass 15#/acre
  • Rye Grain as cover crop 10#/acre

NOTE: From November 1 – March 1, add additional 25# Rye Grain as winter cover crop.

NOTE: Mountain counties change dates by 2 weeks plus or minus and include Tall Fescue year round.

Slopes, Silt Ponds, Natural Low Maintenance areas

April 21 – August 14

  • Tall Fescue 50#/acre
  • Serica Lespediza Inoculated 8#/acre
  • Bermuda 10#/acre
  • Bahia 10#/acre
  • Korean Lespediza 15#/acre
  • Weeping Love Grass 4#/acre
  • German Millet as cover crop 10#/acre

August 15 – April 20

  • Tall Fescue 100#/acre
  • Winter Peas inoculated 12#/acre
  • Serica Lespediza Inoculated 8#/acre
  • Kobe/Korean Lespediza Inoculated 13#/acre
  • Clover Inoculated 10#/acre
  • Bahia 5#/acre
  • Rye Grain 75#/acre

From November 1 – March 1: Add 50# of additional Rye Grain as winter cover crop

NOTE: Mountain counties change dates by 2 weeks plus or minus and add 25# more tall fescue.

NOTE: Incorporating Black Wonder 5000 into soil will inoculate all legumes.

April 6 – September 6

  • Bermuda 20#/acre
  • Centipede 6#/acre
  • German Millet 3#/acre as summer cover crop

September 7 – April 5

  • Tall Fescue 150#/acre
  • Unhulled Bermuda 25#/acre
  • Centipede 8#/acre
  • Rye Grain as cover crop 15#/acre

Slopes, Silt Ponds, Natural Low Maintenance areas

April 6 – September 6

  • Centipede 3#/acre
  • Kobe/Korean Lespediza Incoulated 15#/acre
  • Bermuda 15#/acre
  • Bahia 15#/acre
  • Weeping Love Grass 5#/acre
  • German Millet 10#/acre as cover crop

September 7 – April 5

  • Tall Fescue 50#/acre
  • Winter Peas Inoculated 15#/acre
  • Red/White Clover Incoulated 10#/acre
  • Kobe/Korean Lespediza Incoulated 15#/acre
  • Centipede Grass 3#/acre
  • Bahia 15#/acre
  • Unhulled Bermuda 15#/acre
  • Rye Grain 75#/acre as cover crop

NOTE: On steep slopes add 10# Serica Lespediza to above mixes

NOTE: Incorporating Black Wonder 5000 into soil will inoculate all legumes

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