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Soil Builder

Planting Specifications

Tree, Shrub, Flower, & Vegetable Planting Specifications

  • 1.0 Soil Amendments – Black Wonder 5000 Soil Builder: Natural organic composted barnyard manure with added ingredients to build topsoil. Natural soil enzymes to digest organics and minerals to make plant food, humic acids, seaweed extract, moisture holding polymers, root fungi, nitrogen fixing bacteria, vermiculite, shells of lobster and crab, and amino acids.
  • 1.1 Fertilizer. Balanced 18-18-18 with 50% nitrogen from a 3 month slow release source.
  • 1.2 Lime. Dolomitic or calcium as specified by soil test.
  • 1.3 Aggregates. Sand, perlite, vermiculite, expanded slate as specified by soil test.
  • 1.4 Mulches. Aged organic mulch, free from deleterious materials and suitable as a top dressing for plants, selected by owner or architect. (See Schedule)
  • 1.5 Stakes & Guys.
    • Stakes: Wooden stakes 2″x2″ x 2″ long. Free of knots, holes or defects and pointed on one end.
    • Guy Strapping: Soft pliable nylon strapping 1″ wide.
  • 2.0 Execution of planting.
  • 2.1 Site visit, utility location, planting layout, soil preparation, excavation. All areas must be to grades specified by engineer and positive drainage established before landscape work begins. Contact ULOCO and otherwise verify all utility, (drainage, water, gas, electrical, phone, cable, fiber-optic, and other locations). Notify owner of conflicts with utilities.
  • 2.2 Stake planting locations. Lay out individual plant locations and areas for planting, Stake locations, outline areas, and secure owner’s approval before beginning planting work. Make minor adjustments required by field conditions. Determine utility locations and adjust locations to avoid utility damage. Do not plant trees in swales, easements, or right of way.
  • 2.3 Plant Planting – ( See Planting Details)
  • A. Add soil amendments as listed and per soil test.
    • Black Wonder 5000: (3) 1.5 cu. ft. bags per 100 s.f. area 72 cu. yards per acre (Available in bag or bulk)
      • Black Wonder 5000 Soil Activator may be substituted in soils that have high organic matter of 5% or more. Rate on Black Wonder 5000 Soil Activator is 1/2 gallon per acre or 1.5 oz. per 1,000 Sqft. Local well composted organics may be incorporated into soils with low organic matter. 
    • Fertilizer 1# per 100 sq. ft. or 450# per acre.
    • Lime. Type and amount by soil test recommendations.
    • Aggregates. Determined by soil test. May be needed in heavy clay soils.
  • B. Till all of above amendments to consistency of potting soil into the top 6′ – 8′ of existing soil. (See Plant Detail) Prepare tree planting pits.
  • C. Plant per details. ( See Plant List & Plan)
  • D. Mulch per schedule.
  • E. Water well.
  • F. Notify owner of poorly drained areas and correct before prepping beds or pits and planting.
  • 2.4 Tree and shrub pruning after planting.
    • A. Prune, thin and shape trees and shrubs as directed by best nursery practices established by American Association of Nurserymen.
    • B. Prune, thin and shape trees and shrubs according to best horticultural practice by removing damaged or crossing branches, small double leaders, water sprouts, suckers, and dead or damaged limbs. Pruned tress must retain required height and spread, leaving normal shape of plant intact. Do not cut tree leaders. Prune shrubs to retain natural character. Tree and shrub sizes indicated are sizes after pruning.
  • 2.5 Tree staking and Guying.
    • A. Upright staking and Tying: Stake all trees. Use a minimum of 3 stakes of length required to penetrate at least 12 inches below bottom of tree pit and extending at least 6 inches above grade. Set stakes to avoid penetrating balls or root masses. Support trees with nylon strapping guys. Allow enough slack to avoid rigid restraint of tree. Attach flags to each guy wire, 30 inches above finish grade. Stakes are to be driven in at 45 degree angle so as to not pull out strapping attached to stake or below ground level.
  • 2.6 Guarantee plants to live 1 year provided owner provides proper watering and maintenance per good horticulture practices.
  • 2.7 Proper maximum plant maintenance should include treatments during moderate temperatures with Black Wonder 5000 Foliar & Soil Liquid Enzymes at 1/2 gallon per acre of plants. (1.5 oz. per 1,000 Sqft. Treat any plants with our Black Wonder 5000 Foliar & Soil Liquid Enzymes every 4-6 weeks during moderate temperatures. 

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